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Types of Drayage

Intermodal Association of North America (IANA) is the trade association that promotes drayage as one of the most efficient solutions for shippers everywhere. The IANA divides drayage into six categories, depending on the shipping required for the merchandise. This system is global and used in North America to coordinate with countries around the world.

1. Inter-Carrier Drayage

Inter-Carrier drayage, considered the standard type of drayage used, concerns the movement of goods from one carrier to another.

One carrier may service the goods at the loading dock and move the products to a railroad terminal. Another carrier may use a dray driver and dray trucks to move the same goods to its final destination.

2. Intra-Carrier Drayage

The transporting of goods between locations using the same drayage freight service is known as intra-carrier drayage. Because the same company carries out the service, it can reduce delays as there is no need to meet with other providers. Since many drayage providers are independent contractors, this can be an excellent way to minimize disruption.

3. Expedited Drayage

Cargo congestion, port hours, and other issues can slow down transportation of goods. Sometimes the goods themselves, such as precious cargo, ice cream or fresh produce, require transporting as rapidly as possible.

If the equipment is essential and needs to arrive at its destination without delay, expedited drayage is a reliable choice. It involves the coordination of every contractor involved in the shipping process.

An established freight broker is well-placed to arrange this kind of service, as they have reliable networks of distributors who can deliver items all over the world.

4. Pier Drayage

Goods in a rail yard or at a warehouse may require transportation to a pier from the rail terminals to continue their supply chain journey. This is called pier drayage.

Drayage containers can take the cargo to a shipping dock for loading onto a ship and ultimately to the retail customer.

5. Door to Door Drayage

Although uncommon, door to door drayage involves collecting goods at one location and transporting them directly to a home or business. There are several reasons this might occur, such as in the case of port drayage, where supply could come into a city, and a network of trucks delivers small loads to different buyers.

Containerized cargo is often the most suitable way to move goods that are separated to go to different locations and allows for more accessible transportation. For smaller items, a home delivery service is often the best way to improve customer satisfaction.

6. Shuttle Drayage

When ports or terminals become overcrowded, shuttle drayage services are used to prevent backups and delays. It involves sending an intermodal unit to a temporary stopping point, where it is picked up by a secondary mode of transport for delivery to the destination point.

Container Drayage

Final Word

Ground freight keeps the enormous transportation process moving throughout the supply chain, collecting goods from ports, railways, and airports and carrying out short journeys to distribute goods to their next or final destination.

The history of the drayage industry goes back many years. Drayage companies using the drayage process, combined with modern technology, has transformed how we do business. A reliable freight broker can arrange container drayage to pick up goods at specific locations at precise times, track the goods through every step of the journey, and ensure all your documentation is correct.

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